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For each approach listed in this resource, we have included:
A description of the approach
Typical outputs of the approach
Possible ways in which the approach can complement other approaches
How was this resource developed?
A simple template for capturing some key features of an approach was developed based on inputs gathered from global health practitioners through discussions and participatory activities. Then experts from each of these approaches were asked to add information related to their area of expertise into the template.
Design is just one approach that can contribute to addressing global health challenges. Like any other approach, its benefits are amplified through collaboration. This resource provides a snapshot of different approaches and how they can provide complementary perspectives when used together in global health projects.
The combination of skills and expertise afforded by multi-disciplinary approaches can benefit efforts to address global health challenges. Adopting these complementary approaches can generate insights that are more unique and nuanced, and that ultimately present innovative solution to address complex health problems that might not be generated when relying on a single approach. This combination of different approaches, points of view, and expertise also mitigates the risk of bias over-influencing the development of a solution.
In developing global health solutions, complementary approaches can be combined for the following reasons:
Development: To use results from one method to develop or inform another method.
Expansion: To examine a research question for which different aspects of the question warrant different methods.
Triangulation: To use data obtained by various methods to corroborate findings.